lunedì 9 aprile 2018

La Famiglia Reale georgiana Bagrationi di Imerezia.

Casa Reale Bagrationi Imeretinsy di Georgia

The House of the Bagratids (early forms – Baghadat – Bivritian) originated in  from region Speri ( now is Ispir region in Turkey). During different historical periods, Speri was under political and cultural influence of Kingdoms of Urartu, Colkhida, Iberia, Armenia, Roman and Iranian Empires. The earliest Georgian forms of the dynastic name are Bagratoniani, Bagratuniani and Bagratovani, changed subsequently into Bagrationi. In ancient Armenian Kingdom the Bagratid princes held the hereditary Armenian titles of Aspet, which means Master of the Horse, and T'agatir, which means Coronant of the King. Before the second half of the 9th century the Bagratids were presiding princes in Iberia and Armenia. In Armenia and Georgia the Bagratids were elevated to the kings in  the 9th century. After 1045 the last kingdom of Armenian Bagratids ceases to exist. And Georgian Bagratids besides “Georgian” titles also take the title of “king of Armenians”. In Armenian historiography the Georgian branch of Bagratids Dynasty    is called as “Northern Branch” (“Bagratids of Tao”, “Bagratids of Artanuji”), unlike the Armenian branches of dynasty - “Bagratids of Ani” , “Bagratids of Kars” and “Bagratids of Lori” ( Kvirikyans). Two branches of Bagratids are considered in Georgia. The first branch ruled over the princedom of Odzrkhe (southern Georgia) in 5-6 centuries during the reign of Iberian king Vakhtang Gorgasali. The second line of Bagratids- restored the Georgian royal authority in 888 and Presiding prince Adarnase takes title of “king of Iberians/Georgians”. In 11th century also exists the “Alanian/Ossetian branch” of Georgian Bagratids. David Soslan - the second husband of the king Tamar of Georgia (1184-1213) is representative of this branch. The legend of the Davidic origin of the Georgian Bagratids was a further development of the earlier claim entertained by the Armenian dynasty, as given in the work of the Armenian author Moses of Khorene. The dynasty claimed descent from the biblical king and prophet David and came from Palestine around 530 AD. The tradition had it that of seven refugee brothers of the Davidic line, three of them settled in Armenia and the other four arrived in Kartli (also known as Iberia), where they intermarried with the local ruling houses and acquired some lands in hereditary possession. King Bagrat III (975-1014) becomes the first king of united Georgian kingdom – united realm of Abasgia (Abkhazia) and Kartli (Iberia). The Golden Age in Georgian history is connected with Kings David the Builder (1089-1125), Tamar the Great (1184-1213), George V the Brilliant (1299-1302, 1314-1346). George VIII (1417–1476), son of the King Alexander I  (1412-1442)  was the last king of the united Georgia, though his kingdom was already fragmentized and dragged into a fierce civil war, from 1446 to 1465.  Defeated by his rivals, he was left with an eastern province Kakheti alone, where he reigned as George I from 1465 until his death, founding a Kakhetian branch of the Bagrationi royal house.  Constantine II (1478-1505) - son of the Royal Prince Demetrius, grandson of Royal Prince David, uncle’s of King Aleksander I of united Georgia (1412-1442), was a king of Georgia since 1478. He unsuccessfully attempted to reunite the kingdom under his ruling. Bagrat VI (1466-1478) – son of Royal Prince George, the young brother of King Aleksander I of united Georgia (1412-1442), was proclaimed as king of Georgia in 1465, but remained mostly in western Georgia. He founded the Imeretian cadet branch of the Bagrationi royal house. In the 1490s, he had to recognize the independence of his rival relatives - kings of Imereti and Kakheti, and to confine his power to Kartli. In 1505, Constantine II died, and was succeeded by his son David X.  The young son of Constantine II (1478-1505) Bagrat, Prince of Mukhrani is the founder of Princely House of Mukhrani.  In 1646 the childless King (Khan) Rostom of Kartli had adopted Bakhuta from House of Mukhrani as his heir and successor to the throne, known as   Vakhtang V (Shakh- Navaz). Regarding the descendents of Bagrat VI (I) (1466-1478) from the “Imeretian branch”. After Bagrat VI (I) (1466-1478), his son Alexander II (1484-1510) succeeded to the throne after struggle against rival king Constantine II.of Kartli. After Alexander II (1484-1510) his son Bagrat II of Imereti (1510-1565) succeeded to the throne. After Bagrat II of Imereti (1510-1565) his son George II of Imereti (1565-1583) succeeded to the throne. After George II of Imereti (1565-1583) his son Levan  of Imereti (1583-1590) succeeded to the throne. After Levan of Imereti (1583-1590), Rostom (1590-1604) - grandson of Bagrat II of Imereti (1510-1565), son of Royal prince Constantine took the throne.  After Rostom of Imereti (1590-1604) his son George III of Imereti (1604-1639) succeeded to the throne. After George III of Imereti (1604-1639) his son Alexander III of Imereti (1639-1660) succeeded to the throne. After Alexander III of Imereti (1639-1660) his son Bagrat III of Imereti (1660-61; 1663-68; 1669-78; 1679-81) succeeded to the throne. All period of reign of Bagrat III, his son Alexander, grandson Simon and grand grandson George was marked by extreme instability and feudal anarchy in the kingdom. Alexander IV of Imereti (1683-90; 1691-95) – natural son of Bagrat III seized the Crown. Simon of Imereti (1698-1701) - son of Alexander IV of Imereti (1683-90; 1691-95) seized the Crown. George VI of Imereti (1703-11; 1712-13; 1714-16; 1719-20) – son of Simon of Imereti (1698-1701) seized the Crown. After George VI of Imereti (1703-11; 1712-13; 1714-16; 1719-20) his son Alexander V of Imereti (1720-52) succeeded to the throne. In 1741 Alexander V was outset in the Ottoman-sponsored coup and his brother George VII was seized the Crown. After one year, the Crown was regained by Alexander V. George VII’s son – David ( David II) also ruled the kingdom in 1784-89; 1790-91. Russian Emperor bestowed the title of “Serene Prince” to descendents of this line. This branch of Bagrationi of Imereti is now-extinct. After Alexander V of Imereti (1720-52) his son Solomon I of Imereti (1752-84) succeeded to the throne.  Solomon I of Imereti named his heir David, his brother’s  - Archil’s son ( the last king of Imereti Solomon II (1789-1810). HRH Bagrat  (1741–1800) was a Georgian royal prince (batonishvili) of the Bagrationi dynasty of Imereti. He was the common ancestor of all male-line descendants of the kings of Imereti, surviving into the 21st century. Royal Prince Bagrat was a young  son of King Alexander V of Imereti by his wife, Tamar née Abashidze. He was, thus, a younger brother of King Solomon I of Imereti and an uncle of Solomon II, the last reigning monarch of Imereti. Royal Prince Bagrat was married to Mariam (1741–1820), daughter of Prince Giorgi, Eristavi of Guria. He had two children: Prince Simon (born 1771) a natural son and David (1781-1820), a son by Princess Mariam. According to the charter of Royal Prince Bargat   all his patrimony inherited to Simon, his elder son and other descendents of Royal Prince Bagrat (at the time of writing of charter, Prince David was not yet born). Charters of Kings Solomon I and Solomon II testifies that Prince Simon unless his natural origin was recognized in status of Royal Prince and descendant of Kings. Simon  (born 1771)  was an elder son of Royal Prince Bagrat. Supposedly, after death of Simon, the documents regarding the leadership between the descendants of Bagrat  were falsificated by his young brother David. Simon had one son, Rostom, whose descendants, in contrast to the scions of the Imeretian royals, were not recognized in princely rank by the Russian Empire after its annexation of Imereti in 1810. Instead, they were reduced to the rank of untitled nobility (aznauri) with the surname of Bagrationi and are mentioned as such in the list of the Imeretian nobility confirmed by the tsar in 1850. Rostom and his descendants had a several attempts to regain their rank as descendants of kings of Imereti. The familial village is Gvankiti, in Imereti. Rostom  (1791 – c. 1840) was a son of Prince Simon. In 1819, Rostom, aged 20, joined his cousins, David and Vakhtang, in a revolt against the Russian Empire, which had absorbed Imereti in 1810. Rostom was captured and, together with his family, sent in exile to Russia proper, where he was enlisted as a private in the Sumsky Hussar Regiment. Rostom was married to Princess Elisabed Mkheidze (1794–1862) and had 5 children: with her: Simon (born 1812); Mzekhatun (born 1814);Irine (born 1816); Ephrosine (born 1818); Anastasia (Pakhua) (born 1820). Rostom is sometimes confused with his namesake Imeretian prince, who was a natural son of David II of Imereti and ancestor of the Imeretian family of Bagration-Davydov. Simon Bagrationi (born 1812) was a son of Royal Prince Rostom of Imereti and Princess Mkheidze. He was eight years old, when his father Rostom  joined an anti-Russian rebellion of the Imeretian nobles and Simon had to share with Rostom a deportation to Russia proper. He married Princess Tatia Tsereteli (born 1813) and had 3 children with her: Olga (born 1843); Rostom Bagrationi (born 1845); Mariam (born 1848). Rostom Bagrationi (born 1845) was son of Simon Bagrationi and Princess Tatia Tsereteli. Prince Rostom had 8 children: Ana; Mariam; Pepo; Nodar (born 1874); Simon (1875-1951);Nino (born 1878); Grigol Bagrationi (1885-1937); Agraphina (1885-1989). Grigol Bagrationi (1885-1937) was a seventh child of Rostom Bagrationi. He married Nadezhda Asatiani (1890-1944) and they had 4 children: Aleksandre (1918-1940); Mery (born 1921); Irakli Bagrationi (1925–2013);Tsiala (born 1928). Grigol was killed by Bolsheviks in 1937.Irakli Bagrationi (1925-2013) was the head of the Imeretian Bagrations from 1937 after his father was killed by Bolsheviks. Irakli married Zinaida Maskharashvili (born 1926) and they have 3 children: Nargiz Bagrationi (born 1946); David Bagrationi (born 1948); Maia Bagrationi (born 1953). HRH David Bagrationi (born 1948) is  the elder member of the House of Bagrationi of Imereti. David married Irina Kobakhidze (born 1951) and they have 3 children: HRH  Ketevan Bagrationi (born 1979); HRH Tamar Bagrationi (born 1981) and HRH Irakli Bagrationi (born 1981), future successor and head of House of Imereti. HRH Irakli Bagrationi  (born 1981) is  the current head of the House of  Bagrationi of Imereti. After extinct of male-line of descendants of the main branch ( Kakhetian) of Bagrationi, HRH Irakli Bagrationi becomes the crown-prince  of the Kingdom of all Georgia. HRH Irakli finished school in Ghvankiti, Terjola Municipality. He has BA and MA from Georgian Technical University in automotive engineering.
Attuale rappresentante è Sua Altezza Reale il Principe Irakli di Imereti (Imeretensky), classe 1982 (ingegniere meccanico, studi teologici, ufficiale dell’esercito georgiano, imprenditore agricolo,  impegnato in numerose iniziative culturali, religiose e sociali, unico erede al trono dell’antico Regno di Imerezia (riconosciuto dalla Santa Chiesa Cristiana Apostolica Ortodossa di Georgia) e legittimo pretendente al trono della Georgia unita, Principe dell’Impero Bizantino e dell’Impero Russo, Gran Maestro degli Ordini Dinastici (Ordine reale di San Simone Cananita lo Zelota, Ordine nobiliare dei Grandi Santi Martiri Davide e Costantino, e Ordine patriottico degli Uomini del Giuramento e della Fedeltà).

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